Evaluation of the group project:

Evaluation of Yemen conflict group project:

– what have you learned from working on this project, both from your own work and you classmates?

I have learned a lot more about the conflict in Yemen, which I didn’t know anything about before. I have learned the seriousness of the conflict and about the child soldiers. I got more aware of the conflict and the statistics of how horrifying it is in the conflict and how bad the living situation is there.
– how did you try to create awareness among the students at our school about this conflict?

I tried to make other students aware of the conflict in Yemen by making a poster of how the people in Yemen are affected by the civil war, how the living circumstances are and some horrifying statistics.
– how did it work out? Pros and cons of doing this.

Making the poster went fine, it was nice to do something else in class than what we mostly do. The cooperation with the other classmates was good and I think my group were effective and worked good together.

Desert Flower – Waris Dirie

Find out more about her activism and make a presentation:

Waris Dirie are a somalin fashion model, author and women’s rights activist known for her work to eliminate female circumcision. She was born in 1965 and was one of 12 children in a large nomadic family living near Somalia’s border to Ethiopia. She spent her childhood by helping her family obtaining enough food and water to survive and was five years old when she suffered the procedure of female genital mutilation. When she was 13 years old, she ran away because of an arranged marriage with a man old enough to be her grandfather. She eventually came to London, worked there at a fast-food restaurant and as a maid while she eventually learned to write and speak English.

She was at the age of 18 discovered as a model and became a well-known model for several magazines, a James Bond movie and appeared on some of the most known runways. She openly spoke about her FGM during a magazine interview where she was able to put a public eye on the topic. After the interview she was appointed to the UN population Fund’s as a special ambassador for the elimination of FGM which made her continue to speak loud about it around the world to work towards her goal of preventing women in the future to suffer as she did. When she had the procedure of FGM it was under primitive and unsanitary conditions where she did not get anaesthesia, were in a lot of pain and had to suffer both short and long-term complications. The movie Desert flower is made by her autobiography which she published in 1998, this was the book “The extraordinary journey of a Desert Nomad” and the movie were made in 2009.

In the 2000s she decided to focus on her activism and in 2001 she founded the Desert dawn Foundation to raise funds for Somalian clinics and schools, but also to use her voice to advocate for the abolition of FGM. She continued writing books and has published several books about herself, FGM and Somalia, such as “Desert Dawn” and “Desert Children”. She has received numerous awards for her activism and in 2009 she cofounded a foundation for Women’s dignity and rights.

Sources:

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Waris-Dirie (24.03.2021)

https://ndla.no/nb/subject:20/topic:1:186732/topic:1:187125/resource:ccfdb10e-7827-4eb0-b8d9-14c5a2237093?filters=urn:filter:364a61b2-1653-4fe2-bc74-f1d41ec43ba8 (24.03.2021)

The Cultural Iceberg

Read about the Cultural Iceberg in the attached document called Across Cultures and write a blog post explaining what this is and how this kind of thinking should influence the way we look at culture and communication

The Cultural Iceberg

The cultural iceberg is a method, that is used for explaining what culture is by showing the aspects that are visible and subconscious. The cultural iceberg is therefore divided in surface culture which is what are visible and deep culture which is subconscious. Some aspects that are visible is for example food, holidays, language, fashion, and literature. While the aspects that shows what is subconscious is divided in communication styles and rules, notions of, concepts of, attitudes towards and approaches to. The iceberg is used as a kind of metaphor for cultural communication, because the part over water is what we can see while the part under water is less visible and explain the values of culture and what we learn to think of it. The deep culture can be aspects like how they act towards others, how their vision towards religion is, how they practice their rules and how they communicate.

This method can be helpful to understand some points of view, but I think culture is a lot more complicated to explain than this. It is though a good aid for understanding more of the aspects involving culture and how much of it that are invisible. It can be a good aid for helping people to think over how they view others from different cultures and to understand and see their values instead of only seeing the aspects which are visible. The iceberg also shows the value of communication, which is extremely important, because different languages uses different ways to communicate past only the language.

Western Sahara – Africa’s Last Colony

Western Sahara – Africa’s Last Colony

  • What did you learn about the conflict?

I learned that the conflict is and have been a big issue for a long time, and that the Western Sahara are invaded by the Moroccans since 1973. Also, that most of the Sahrawi people fled to Algeria to refugee camps. The conflict started with Spanish colonisation, which I thought had stopped for a long time ago. Also, Morocco and Western Sahara were at war against each other from 1975 till 1991 but is still an ongoing conflict which makes Sahrawis not able to live there or visit their home country.

  • Why is the UN not able or willing to solve the conflict?

The UN tried to solve the conflict in 1990 with a peacekeeping mission there when Western Sahara were still at war with Morocco, the war ended one year after. But the UN have not written or spoken of the conflict for over six years before 2018/2019, when they discussed the conflict and a solution to it. The Western Sahara are not in the UN and the UN says they can’t do that much because they can’t legally go into the country because of the Morocco.

  • Asria said that she felt she had no choice when it comes to her activism for the Sahrawi people. Why do you think she said that?

I think Asria said she felt like she has no choice but to show activism for the Sahrawi people because she has learned how little people know about it and how little is being done to better the situation. She therefore wants to enlighten people about the conflict, also because its her own home country which she’s never even been able to visit and because of her family is from there she wants to do it for them too I think.

  • Had you heard about this conflict before we discussed it in class? Why do you think some conflicts seem to be “forgotten” by the media?

I had never heard of the conflict before we talked and discussed it in class. I think the reason I’ve never heard about it before is because the media does not talk loud about it and because we have not talked about it at school before either. I think the conflict seems forgotten by the media because they don’t enlighten the conflict.

The Reluclant Fundamentalist

The reluctant fundamentalist is a novel written by Mohsin Hamid. The book takes us through different times of the main characters life, such as going to Princeton, his love life, post 9/11, the troubles of his home town and racism/terrorism he has been trough. Changez the main character is a Pakistani man who comes from a city called Lahore, he moved to America to go to Princeton and tells us about his life there. He tells his story in a way he is talking to someone, which is interesting and different to read, its also like were seeing everything through his thoughts and mind. Also he uses a fascinating and intelligent choice of words, which I think I can learn from. I think the book is decent, but not something I would have chosen to read myself. I am though interested to finish it.

The characters:

Changez is a Pakistani man who graduated from Princeton as an A student and then got a high paying job at Underwood Samson in finances. He is hardworking, has a good work ethic and does his job well. Also, he does a lot of socializing in his free time, although he does not seem to be as extroverted as he would like to appear, it seems like he wants people to like him, but doesn’t want to be the centre of attention. He is more of the observer type, even though he can be talkative and likes to talk about his home country. He is patriotic because he has a big love for Pakistan and his family. He also comes out as a good listener and as someone who is comfortable to talk to.

Erica is an American woman who also is a graduate from Princeton as a writer. She comes from a wealthy family and lives in a beautiful apartment with her parents. She comes of as a likable person who people often are drawn to. She is talkative and wants to be a social person, but can also be unstable and emotional, because of the trauma she suffers from the loss of her boyfriend. She is described as a beautiful and fit girl by the narrator, which also says that she has toned muscles. She also comes of as a positive and creative person, but not towards the end where she is mentally unstable which makes her lose her creativity and motivation.

The social dilemma – The great hack

The social dilemma movie is a drama documentary about social media and what damages it does to the society. The documentary follows a family and describes how our phones and social media is data mining and how addicted especially young people get. The movie shows us the consequences of different important themes such as mental health and addiction, and how powerful it is. The movie also describes the effect of how influential social media can be on conspiracy theories.

The great hack movie is a documentary about the Cambridge Analytic and Facebook scandal and the Brexit campaign. In the movie they are interviewing and following multiple people that were involved in the scandal. The movie reflects on how the media were hacked in the 2016 presidential election. The movie focuses on three people, a woman who had worked for Cambridge Analytica, a man who was a professor in digital data and a woman interviewer who followed the scandal.

The two movies were both documentaries put focus on social media and what influence it can make and how powerful it can be. The movies followed different people and focused on giving out information about the influence of social media. The social dilemma where more generally about social media and how our phones influences us all the time without us knowing. The great hack focused on the scandal of Cambridge Analytica, Brexit and Facebook in 2016.

I felt like I learned most of the great hack movie, but I found the social dilemma more interesting. I learned a lot about Brexit and the Cambridge Analytica which I didn’t know anything about from before. The social dilemma were even though a movie I would more likely watch at home.

This year’s OD – operasjon dagsverk

This year is OD for the south-Sudan refugees that flee the border to Uganda. In south-Sudan they are suffering from a brutal civil war were 400 000 have lost their lives. The civil war has been going on since 2013 and Sudan has a long story of conflicts and has longed for peace for many years.

The money from this year’s OD goes to 10 200 young people for them to get a new and fair chance to get a better life. The money is going to be used to get them education, trauma treatment and to help them to understand each other to avoid further conflict. The Sudanese people in Uganda have fled from everything they had and lose their education. In Uganda only 24% of the refugees get an education, and without it it’s an on-going struggle to get a job and enough money for basic needs such as clean clothes and food. And it gets worse, as you might can imagine people living in a country where they have experienced a brutal civil war and has fled for their lives through dangerous territories many of these young refugees has seen and experienced horrible things which makes many struggle from trauma and horrible thoughts for a long time without any help to process it. Therefore, should we in a safe country such as Norway not even need to think twice to help these people with as much as we can. We should think about how hard this situation is for them and how we can actually help to make a big change for 10 200 people.

https://www.od.no/pushgrensene

https://www.od.no/aktuelt/arets-prosjekt-2020

Noble peace prize – world food programme

Goal.2 – zero hunger

The sustainable development goal.2 about hunger is about ending hunger, achieving food security and to improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. This is one of the sustainable development goals because about 2 billion people in the world does not have regular access to safe and nutritious food. People who suffer from hunger are also more vulnerable and at risk for diseases and worse well-being. This is mainly happening in Asia and Africa, but are also happening all over the world. The numbers of people suffering acute hunger can double because of covid.19.  

What we can do to help achieving this goal: 

  • Support local farmers and markets 
  • Making sustainable food choices  
  • Fight food waste 
  • Boost social protection programmes 
  • Keep global food trade going  
  • Keep the domestic supply chain gears moving  

The UN world food programme winning the Nobel peace prize

The UN world food programme won the Nobel peace prize in 2020. The organization won this prize for its effort to combat hunger and improving conditions for peace. The world food programme sets eyes on the millions of people who suffer from hunger and who are facing a threat of hunger. The world food programme is one of the organizations that work actively on helping others around the world, and I think many organizations deserve the Nobel peace prize, but the world food programme definitely deserved it. This programme is also very important now that covid.19 is making a bigger threat to people suffering from hunger and to set light on this horrible situation is very important. Also, hunger connects to achieving peace.

The world food programme does amazing work by delivering food to vulnerable countries around the world. They have been supporting people through conflicts. They have been working in Yemen, Afghanistan and South Sudan over the last years. The people who are trying to bring a change in these countries have not been free from controversy. Some of them have been sexually assaulted and raped while working there.  

Pandemics and the Kashmir conflict

Pandemics

Today we listened to a zoom presentation of Monica Madsen. Were we learned about pandemics and the consequences that comes with it. She talked primarily about four different topics. This was:

  • What is a pandemic?
  • Do the states cooperate to handle the pandemics?
  • What are the consequences for war and conflicts while a pandemic is going on?
  • What are the consequences for politics because of covid.19?

A pandemic is a worldwide spread of a new disease. A pandemic is caused by a virus which people aren’t immune against. She talked about three different pandemics, but there are many more viruses that have been spreading around the world earlier in our history. She talked about covid.19, the Spanish flu and the great plague.

States internationally cooperate with exterminating and finding vaccines against pandemics. This is done by primary the WHO – worlds health organization, they work internationally with research work, educating people, emergency assistance and technical assistance to better people’s health condition and well-being. This is the third sustainable development goal, good health and well-being. They have for example exterminated the smallpox virus. They are now working on exterminating covid.19, polio and malaria. Other active organisations are:

  • Unicef
  • UNHCR
  • Gavi
  • WTO
  • ILO
  • Monetary fund

Having a pandemic around the world brings consequences for on going conflicts and wars. This is because it adds difficulties and problems to the already on-going problem. When covid.19 came, they tried to have truce, but it didn’t last long. A pandemic makes it hard to keep going with crisis management, peace operations and crisis diplomacy. A pandemic like covid.19 also brings bigger consequences for states that is already fragile. This is because it causes unrest, looting and conflicts. It also causes economic problems, which causes poverty to be an even bigger problem then what it already is.

Since a pandemic causes unrest in states, and is a sudden big problem for many, it means that politicians have to act fast. Because politicians don’t know exactly what to do and since there is nothing that helps against the pandemic, it creates distrust to the state. Since Donald Trump blames china for the covid.19, and talks a lot about “chinavirus”, it has caused the American and Chinese power struggle between each other to being worse. Also because of Trump’s name on the virus it has caused a lot of racism and demonstrations. Trump has also decided to get out of the WHO fund, and plan on making a vaccine in the US where he prioritizes only Americans.

Kashmir conflict

She also had a presentation about the on-going conflicts in Kashmir, which have been going on for many years now. Kashmir is a beautiful country but is struggling with one of the worst conflicts. Kashmir is located between India, China and Pakistan. The four points she talked about was:

  • What are the historical ties between India and Pakistan?
  • Who are the primary actors in this conflict?
  • What are the causes for the conflict?
  • How are the status of the conflict today?

The history between India and Pakistan is that once India were one big country, but when India wanted to become a principality with self-government, it split in two states, which became India and Pakistan. After this an on-going conflict was about to begin between them, that are still going on today.

The primary actors in the Kashmir conflict was Pakistan, India and China. India and Pakistan had several wars and they disagreed about who were going to have control over Kashmir. Eventually China began to meddle in the conflict as well. Kashmir wanted to be an independent country.

It all started in 1858 when India split in to two states and Kashmir was left unclear. Kashmir wanted to be independent but got attacked from northern Pakistan and India came in with military strength. This started a two-year war between India and Pakistan. FN then came in with a peace agreement, that didn’t work that well. Pakistan were going to have 1/3 of Kashmir and India were going to have ¾. But since this didn’t work, the conflict kept going. China then immigrated to Kashmir and then a war between China and India started, because India disagreed. Rebellion groups kept fighting for Kashmir’s independent. India and Pakistan kept fighting against each other. Other causes for the conflict was resources, the placement of Kashmir, history and religion, the on-going brutality, human right violations and Kashmir’s wish of being independent.

Today India are controlling 45% of Kashmir, Pakistan 38% and China controls 17%. FN is working on doing the situation better with observing the conflict and giving support to the rebellion groups. But FN is not allowed into the countries. It is still today a lot of tension between the borders. Both India and Pakistan have nuclear power. China does now communicate with Pakistan and India have a more active politic. They say it is two possible solutions to the conflict, but both are not easy to go trough with. This is either split Kashmir in two and making the borders international, or to loosen the borders.

Climate change

Climate changes is an ongoing problem all over the world. Today we are watching the movie “Before the flood” and reading the article “President Donald Trump’s climate change record has been a boon for oil companies, and a threat to the planet”.

Donald Trump article:

Donald Trump has cut back on a couple of projects that were built too help against climate changes, such as eliminating 150 environment measures, stopped climate science, refused stronger air pollution standards and he has expanded the artic drilling. President Trump has all in all weaken the most important environmental law and weaken important elements against climate change. Studies has shown that by stopping the stronger air pollution standards the risk of death by covid-19 is increased in the US.

By the four years Trump has been president, he has also decided that the US should not be involved in the Paris climate accord, this works against the goal.17 of the sustainable development goals of the UN, which is cooperation between countries to achieve the goals. President Trump has done more to slow down climate change than any president in the history. Trump is more concerned about earning as much as possible for the US economics. This results in Trump making our world burn even more, by adding fuel to the fire.

Almost everything Obama had started working on towards climate change, Trump has stopped and started new projects that Obama earlier denied because they would do bad to the climate. Obama’s main climate accomplishments fell one by one. Trump quickly turned everything around. He started fossil fuel development, started up the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines. The fossil fuel leak gas into the atmosphere. Also, domestic oil production has never been higher now that Trump is president.

By Trump’s new laws the US will be polluted by nearly a billion tons more carbon dioxide and allows companies to release 4.5million metric tons of oil and gas each year. By admitting more automobile fuel, it will raise the carbon emissions.

Before the flood movie

The movie before the flood is a documentary about climate change, which is a movie in collaboration with Leonardo DiCaprio and others. The movie is presented by National Geographic. In the movie Leonardo DiCaprio is travelling to multiple places to see the devastating effects of climate change, while learning from professionals what it’s doing to our world and how to solve the climate crisis.

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